Lake Logan was developed in 1955 for recreational purposes. The area was administered by the ODNR Division of Wildlife until 1964, when jurisdiction was transferred to the Division of Parks and Recreation. Originally known as Hocking Lake, it was re-named Lake Logan to reflect the Indian heritage of the area and to avoid confusion with nearby Hocking Hills State Park and Forest.
The forest surrounding Lake Logan is for the most part an oak-hickory association. White and black oak, tulip tree, shagbark and pignut hickory are the most dominant species. The forest floor is dotted with a variety of wildflowers such as fire pink, wintergreen, bluets and spring beauties. Ground cover plants include greenbriar, blueberry and numerous ferns and fungi.
Lake Logan is home to the raccoon, opossum, skunk, red-backed salamander, gray squirrel, box turtle, white-tailed deer and wild turkey. Many birds frequent the area such as the turkey vulture, red-tailed hawk, barn owl, pileated woodpecker, Carolina chickadee, tufted titmouse, wood thrush and scarlet tanager. Various species of waterfowl can be viewed during migration.